Taxonomy Version: IOC 8.2
Taxonomy Ranking
Level Rank Scientific Name
Penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, especially in Antarctica. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. They spend about half of their lives on land and half in the oceans.
  • Galapagos Penguin - Galápagos © Andrew Moon

  • Gentoo Penguin - Falkland Islands © Jason Protheroe

  • Galapagos Penguin - Galápagos © Ian Fulton

  • Gentoo Penguin - Falkland Islands © Jim P

  • Gentoo Penguin - Falkland Islands © John Anderson

  • African Penguin - Western Cape © Paul Suter

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Scientific Name English Name Rank Rarity (UK) Image
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