01/10/2021
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Nest of one of world's rarest birds found in Brazil

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Brazilian ornithologists have filmed an active nest of one of the world's rarest and most endangered birds.

A total of three Cherry-throated Tanager chicks are being fed by up to six adults at a site in the state of Espírito Santo, with the birds observed as recently as 28 September.

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Cherry-throated Tanager is classified as Critically Endangered, with fewer than 30 individuals feared to remain in existence. In June 2020 the species was observed for the first time in almost a year, quelling fears that it might have slipped to extinction, and the discovery of a nest in recent days is of great significance.

Despite this, the outlook for the species remains bleak. Although its final known site, Águia Branca Private Reserve, has been protected since 2017, this area covers just 17km2 and remains a small island in the midst of a heavily deforested region – around 85% of Brazil's Atlantic Forest has been felled over the last few hundred years.

For many decades it was known only from a single shot specimen in 1870, before its dramatic rediscovery in the 1990s.