'Cocktail of pollutants' found in dolphins in English Channel
A study has found some of the highest recorded levels of toxic chemicals and mercury in the bodies of Common Bottlenose Dolphins off the French coast.
Researchers say more needs to be done to tackle the "invisible" problem of lingering pollutants in the oceans. The English Channel is home to one of the last-remaining large European populations of Common Bottlenose Dolphins.
Researchers took tissue samples from more than 80 dolphins living in waters off Normandy and Brittany. They found high concentrations of mercury in skin and polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs, in blubber. Other industrial chemicals, such as dioxins and pesticides, were also found in blubber samples, which together may act as a "cocktail of pollutants", they said.
The chemicals are passed down from mother to calf. "Our results indicated the important transfer of PCBs by females to their young, which may raise concern for the population," said the team of researchers led by Dr Krishna Das of the University of Liege, Belgium.
The scientists say that the dolphin's habitat – an area known as the Normanno-Breton Gulf – should become a special area of conservation to protect the population. The study chimes with data from investigations of strandings, said ZSL's Rob Deaville, of the UK Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme.
"As apex predators, Common Bottlenose Dolphins are at higher risk of exposure to some of the chemicals mentioned in this study – and as many of the European coastal populations of Common Bottlenose Dolphins are relatively small in size, they may therefore be under greater conservation threat," he said.
PCBs, used in plastics, paints and electrical equipment, were banned several decades ago, but persist in the environment, where they can build up in the blubber of dolphins and whales. The chemicals have been found in the blubber of bottlenose dolphins washed up on beaches around Europe.