Butterfly sightings worryingly low, say UK conservationists
Butterfly sightings are "worryingly low" and continuing to decline, UK conservationists have warned.
This year's Big Butterfly Count saw the lowest number of sightings recorded in the 13 years since the project began. Wildlife charity Butterfly Conservation said it expected this year's warm summer to result in better figures, and is concerned that more were not seen.
Almost 100,000 butterfly counts were submitted as part of one of the UK's biggest citizen-science projects. Dr Richard Fox, Head of Science at the organisation, has called for more to be done to protect and restore butterfly habitats.
"The sun could shine for days on end, but we still won't see more butterflies unless there is habitat for them to thrive in," he said.
The Big Butterfly Count asks people across the UK to record the number and types of butterflies they saw in gardens, parks and in the countryside during a three-week period in July and August. The results allow scientists to gather information on how moths and butterflies are affected by environmental changes.
The suggest Britons grow holly, flowering ivy, elms and nettles in their gardens to create habitats that allow butterflies space to feed, breed and shelter.
Although overall numbers are down, this year has seen some notable success stories including Holly Blue, which had only occasionally been recorded in Scotland prior to the 2000s. Holly Blue has seen increases of 120% compared with last year, and has now spread across swathes of Scotland.
This year's unusually warm summer is thought to be behind the increased sightings of other species like Common Blue, up 158%, and Gatekeeper, up 58%. Sightings of Comma, a species often found in gardens, increased by 95% compared with last year. Large Blue, declared extinct in the 1970s, enjoyed one of its best summers in 150 years.
The result of a conservation project led by the Royal Entomological Society, scientists say the success story shows how species can be saved from extinction.