Arrested conservationists face capital punishment in Iran


The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has expressed its deep concern as five conservationists, including members of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC), have been charged with crimes punishable by death in Iran. The five have been charged with 'corruption on earth', the highest penalty for which is execution, according to media reports.

Inger Andersen, IUCN Director General, commented: "IUCN is deeply alarmed by the charges against these dedicated women and men committed to protecting Iran's rich natural environment and unique species.

"Their work is of crucial importance to their country and its people, particularly at a time of severe environmental challenges in Iran. IUCN and its Commissions stand in solidarity with them."

The five environmentalists from IUCN Member organisation Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation (PWHF) are Niloufar Bayani, Taher Ghadirian, Sepideh Kashani, Houman Jowkar and Morad Tahbaz. Taher Ghadirian and Houman Jowkar are members of the IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group; Taher Ghadirian is also a member of the IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group. They undertake vital conservation work including efforts to conserve the Critically Endangered Asiatic Cheetah.

The arrested conservationists are involved with preservation of Iran's Critically Endangered Asiatic Cheetahs (Behnam Ghorbani/wiki commons).

"Monitoring and researching species that live in remote landscapes, such as the Asiatic Cheetah, is a challenging task," said Jon Paul Rodriguez, IUCN Species Survival Commission Chair. "As their numbers have dwindled, Asiatic Cheetahs have become elusive, making it difficult for researchers to observe them directly. Novel techniques such as camera traps have proven indispensable in helping researchers gain valuable insights into the status and biology of threatened species worldwide."

The five conservationists had been detained by Iran's Revolutionary Guards in January along with four others and charged with espionage. Human rights campaigners and Iran's government have said the charges against them are unfounded, according to media reports.

IUCN's Director General raised the matter as soon as the environmentalists were arrested and met with the Iranian authorities asking for transparency and justice. She recalled IUCN resolution 2.37, 'Support for Environmental Defenders' – adopted at the 2000 IUCN World Conservation Congress – which calls for the Director General to speak out publicly and forcefully to discourage harassment or persecution of environmental advocates.

The four others detained in January are Amir Hossein Khaleqi, member of the IUCN SSC Cat Specialist Group, of the IUCN Commission on Education and Communication and of the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, Sam Rajabi, AbdolReza Koupayeh, and Kavous Seyed-Emami. Kavous Seyed-Emami died in prison for unknown reasons following his detention. IUCN has called for an independent inquiry into his death.

Iran is facing environmental challenges including drought, water scarcity and dust storms, which have led to nationwide protests this year.